For the finest San Diego limo services be sure to call A Plus Limos.
We feature Cadillac Escalade Limousines, Hummer Limousines and Lincoln Towncars.



1938 Cadillac Parade Car

This car and the 1956 Cadillac at the end were built for the Secret Service strictly as a parade car with built in gun racks, pistol holders and running boards for 6 agents.



1902 Presidential Brougham

First horse drawn vehicle used by American Presidents. In a few short years it went from carrying President Theodore Roosevelt to carrying groceries for the White House staff. It was retired in 1928 to make way for the automobile. Is currently on display at the Henry Ford Museum in Dearborn, Michigan.



President Roosevelts 1939 Lincoln K Model (Brunn)
Nicknamed the "Sunshine Special", the first limousine
Ford leased to U.S. Government, was also used by Truman.



President Eisenhowers 1950 Lincoln Cosmopolitan
(Built by Ray Deitrich, used by Truman, Eisenhower, Kennedy, Johnson)



Eisenhowers Chrysler Crown Imperial Limousine
(Article from 1991 states the car was recently discovered in a alley 4 miles from White House! )

This car was used as a presidential limousine from 1953 to 1960. Chrysler retained ownership of the car while it was at the White House. It has a Derham body, bulletproof glass, bombproof floors, divider glass, four-wheel disc brakes, and a hugh factory air conditioning unit in the trunk.


1952 Chrysler Imperial Presidential Parade Car
This used by Eisenhower and Nixon.
(Up for sale in July 2001 at The Auction Inc. in Las Vegas)


"The Presidential Continental"
President Kennedy's 1961 Lincoln Continental Limousine
VIN 1Y86H405950

Built by armored coachbuilder Hess & Eisenhardt, this Open-Air Design is the
car Kennedy was assassinated in. The Secret Service dubbed it as S.S X-100.

It is currently on display at the Henry Ford Museum in Dearborn, Michigan.








Lyndon B. Johnson Limousine
A "Quick Fix" modification was immediately made after the assassination.
Within 13 weeks a bubble top and extra armor was added to the car.
(Was in service for Kennedy, Johnson, Nixon, Ford and Carter.).


This car was owned by J. Edgar Hoover and used by President
Johnson during the time the Lincoln Continental was being modified.



President Johnson and President Diaz Ordaz Motorcade
October 1967



1964 Buick Electra 225
This photo from a 1978 Cars & Parts magazine and states
that it was custom built for a White House Staff Car for LBJ.


1964 Cadillac owned by President Johnson
Later sold to Liberace.
(Up for sale in July 2001 at The Auction Inc. in Las Vegas)


1968 Lyndon B. Johnson Lehmann-Peterson Limousine

This from a postcard from the LBJ Library and Museum in Austin, Texas. The description on the card states that it was presented by the Ford Motor Company and was used in Washington, then in Austin. Equipped with security communications, radio, telephone, and television. A large soundproof passenger compartment also provided ample space for discussion in transit.



Nixon's Lincoln Limousine by Lehmann-Peterson on display at the Nixon Library
(See more about this limousine on my Lehmann-Peterson/Nixon page)

Peg Peterson looks over the limousine her father Robert Peterson built for President Nixon.

Built by Lehmann-Peterson in Chicago, Moloney later
purchased all the assets of Lehmann-Peterson and the
company is now called 'Scaletta Moloney Armoring'


President Nixon in his Lehmann-Peterson built Lincoln Limousine.
This from Ireland on their 12,000 mile European trip in October of 1970.



President Gerald Ford with First Lady Betty Ford in the Nixon Limousine.
This is an official White House Photograph from August 1974.

Thanks to Rich Ramis for this great photo!



President Nixons Lincoln Continental Limousine
(Thanks to Chris in VA for some correction information)

In 1974 Ford supplied another Continental, a 1972 model which was stretched out to 22 feet long, was armor plated, outfitted with bullet resistant glass and powered by a 460 cu. in. V8. This limousine was used by Presidents Ford, Jimmy Carter, and Ronald Reagan. and George H. W. Bush. It is on display at the Henry Ford Museum.



Nixon's personal Chrysler Limousine
This was used by Nixon during his retirement years.


1972 Lincoln
This car was present at the attempts on the lives of Ford and Reagan

Thanks to George Miller for this photo.


1986 Cadillac Presidential Limousine Prototype

This is the styling prototype used to develop the Presidential Limousine which was built for President Ronald Reagan. Cadillac had been selected as the automobile of choice for many Presidents over the years. The current model debuted at President Clinton's inauguration on January 20, 1993.




Model:Special Prototype
Total Production:1
Price:Classified
Engine:Special
Horsepower:Classified
Wheelbase:185.5 inches
Weight:7200 pounds

Donated by Cadillac to Gilmore Car Musuem in Hickory Corners, Michigan



President Ronald Reagan's Cadillac Limousine from 1984.


Two Cadillac Series 75 Limousines


1984 Cadillac Fleetwood 75 Limousine Follow-up Car
Currently owned by Ken Lucci.
Built by Hess & Eisenhardt

Photo from Indianapolis, IN. Note Dan Quayle standing behind the car.
This photo taken by Jim Cutrell.


1975 Cadillac Fleetwood 75 Limousine
Currently owned by Ken Lucci.

This was used by President Ford and Carter, with 51,000
miles was retired in 1981 after the attemp on Reagons life.


1984 Cadillac Series 75 Factory Limousine
Also owned by Ken Lucci.

1984 was the last year Cadillac built a factory limousine. This car was a White House and Pentagon “Pool Car”, the rear salon is armored and the car has a unique front seat that is armor plated and tall. It is 6 inches from the top of the seat to the headliner. The car has gun racks in the trunk and originally had a siren and red lights under the hood.




1993 Cadillac Limousine

Thanks to Bert Sellers for this Press Release information.
Bert was part of the Engineering group that built the car.

The Cadillac limousine was put into service for President Clinton.

1993 Cadillac







For Release 2:30 p.m. EST, JAN. 6th, 1993


Cadillac Presidential Limousine

WASHINGTON, DC - The newest Presidential Limousine, the first to be derived from the all-new Cadillac Fleetwood Brougham, has been delivered to the United States Secret Service. It is the first of three identical Presidential Linousines built for the President and his family.

Its Cadillac predecessor was presented to President Ronald Reagan in 1984.

The 1993 Presidential Limousine features a special chassis and powertrain designed and built by Cadillac in cooperation with GM's Advanced Engineering staff. GM's Cadillac Design Studio developed the body's interior and exterior design while the body structure and special armoring systems were designed by Cadillac Engineering and built by GM's Part Fabrication.

Under Secret Service supervision, all facets of the design, developement and manufacture of the limousine were completed totally within General Motors.

"Cadillac has a tradition of providing transportation for this nation's presidents. We are very pleased to have been accorded this honor once again," says John 0. Grettenberger, general manager of the Cadillac Motor Car Division. "It demonstrates a real team effort on the part of General Motors."

He adds that the dramatic new aerodynamic styling of the Fleetwood Brougham as well as its strong association with special vehicles made it an ideal choice for the conversion to the Presidential fleet.

- more -


- 2 -

The roof of the Presidential Limousine is three inches taller than the production Fleetwood Brougham in order to provide a distinctively large glass area so that the President is visible to the greatest extent possible during parades and ceremonial occasions.

The Limousine features a black clearcoat exterior paint finish with a dark blue cloth and leather combination interior. There are Zebrano wood accents in both the driver's compartment and the rear compartment. Embroidered Presidential seals are affixed to each rear passenger door as well as to the center of the rear seat.

The total length of 270 inches and wheelbase of 167.5 inches compares to the 225.1-inch long and 121.5-inch wheelbase of the Fleetwood Brougham built at the Arlington Assembly Plant in Arlington, Texas. There is seating for six persons in the rear compartment when three flush folding seats are utilized.

The front-wheel track (wheel-to-wheel) is 63.3 inches wide while the rear wheel track is 62.2 inches wide. Because of the increased weight, the new Presidential Limousine is equipped with oversize wheels and tires and a special power brake system.

GM's Powertrain Division built the vehicle's V-8 engine and four-speed automatic transmission. The powerplant uses regular -unleaded gasoline.

This new Cadillac Presidential Limousine has many special features, including:

- A public address system and telephone as part of a special communications system.

- Custom engine monitoring gauges built by Delco Electronics and mounted in the instrument panel next to the standard Cadillac instrument cluster.

- more -


- 3 -

- Separate heating and air conditioning units for the front and rear compartments. Each system is individually controlled.

- A special partition to separate the driver from the rear seat passengers. A power window in the partition can be lowered by the front seat occupants.

- Separate front and rear Delco AM-FM stereo cassette entertainment systems with premium two-way speakers -- eight speakers in the rear and four in the front.

- Special 12-volt fluorescent halo lighting developed by GM's Inland Fisher Guide Division.

- A rear overhead console which houses the stereo entertainment system and the climate control.

- Front and rear custom cloth/leather combination seating areas designed and built by Inland Fisher Guide's Seat Fabrication Center.

The fenders are fitted with flag standards. When the President is riding in the limousine, the United States flag is flown from the right front fender and the President's Standard is flown from the left front fender. Two flush-mounted spotlights are located in the fender to illuminate the flags at night. The three limousines are titled "Cadillac Fleetwood Brougham - Presidential Series."


* * *


Bert Sellers with his GM Advanced Engineering staff.


George W. Bush Limousine, debut January, 2001.



1956 Cadillac Parade Car


Presidential Limousine Statistics



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